Jesus descended into hell - Easter orthodox 


descended into hell - Easter orthodox

Chora church in Istanbul (fresco painted about 1315, restored in 1948)

A breath-taking painting! It is still the Easter image of the Eastern Church to this day: Christ rises from death in the underworld (Hell) and frees the dead.

This Christ appears powerful in an aura of light and stars. The folds of the robe show the internal excitement, especially the hem at the feet as well as the fluttering robe. Only the Angel of Annunciation Gabriel bears this detail!

Of course Christ gets involved and tears Adam and Eve (under the covering!) from the tombs - such excitement in the robes! The Lord has shattered the gates of the underworld; bars, hinges and key fly through the air en masse! The prince of the underworld is defeated and in shackles.

On the left we see John the Baptist and Kings David and Solomon, on the right we surprisingly see Abel (Cain) in a bright green robe with a curved stick and behind him the apostles and the people.

The mountains lean toward the viewer, a "reverse" perspective, so that the vanishing point is in the eye of the viewer. This impression is further reinforced by the image being curved.

The Easter Vigil in the Eastern Church is not to be compared with our Easter Vigil celebrations. It truly is the centre of ecclesiastical life. The faithful observe a strict fast, they attend a liturgy lasting about six hours (usually only in part!) and it is a festival for children and adults, a glory! The power for this flows out from our painting.


Christ is risen from the dead,
trampling down death by death,
and upon those in the tombs bestowing life.

(Easter troparion)            


Christ releases the dead people from Underworld
Christ releases the dead people from Underworld (Adam and Eva ..., a very original icon)      


    Anástasis - Greek mosaic
Greek - Anástasis


Tinroretto descend into hell
Tintoretto 1568 (mannerism, Late Rennaissance)

The Italian painter copies the orthodox image - but what comes out, besides? 
Subjective game, no rack of religious depth.
One looks only the angels - or Adam and Eva! 
And one had to cover the nice naked woman at that time with bright little clouds!

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